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Evolution of the German Army Field Uniform 1933-1945

July 24, 2019



then beyond my fear then see envy selection tool he knows after the first world war the defeated German army was restricted in size and forbidden from modernizing when the Third Reich gara began on 30 January 1933 the army began a new period of transformation to allow it to carry out Hitler's aggressive foreign policy this video will examine how the German Army's basic combat uniform evolved during its expansion modernization politicization and eventual decline from 1933 to 1945 the German soldier emerged from the world war were in a field gray uniform cloth putties and his steel trench helmet by 1933 there were still little too distinguished German soldiers from their wartime counterparts tall marching boots in English sometimes called Jack boots were reintroduced in the post-war period equipment wool trousers and Reich's vera tunic were similar to the wartime design collar patches displaying the soldiers branch color were news by 1933 shoulder straps displayed the soldier's regiment and unlike wartime practice the numeral was also in the soldier's branch color white denote an infantry numbered buttons indicated soldiers company within the regiment the 1916 helmet was still in use among other styles and a field cap of the cloth peak was also worn in 1933 a new tunic properly called a field blouse was introduced the entire blouse including collar and shoulder straps were in the same shade of field gray as the rest of the uniform the 14th of March and you tricolor deco and national colors was added to the left side of the helmet on 17 February 1934 the decals moved to the right side of the helmet and at the same time a new national insignia was added to the chest this breast eagle was rendered in white on a field grey backing on 5 April 1934 a new tricolor deckle was introduced and the army received its own deco on the left side of the helmet in late 1934 a new field blouse with dark field gray collar and shoulder straps is introduced this tunic also had internal suspenders to support the belt and equipment a more practical field cap was introduced in 1934 on 1 July 1935 a new steel helmet was introduced on 10 September 1935 the collar of the field blazer changed dark green the collar patches were also modified to include a dark green stripe in the center with the patch sewn to a dark green packing before attachment to the blouse in December 1935 dark green cloth was approved for the shoulder straps as well in January 1936 the older patterned belt buckles with the insignia of the vemma republic replaced with a new vert mock pattern and on 19 June 1937 a new breast Eagle rendered in white on a dark green background was introduced on 26 November 1938 further changes to insignia included the removal of the service color from the collar patches replaced by dark green stripes for all branches to better display the branch of service color piping was added to the shoulder straps which were also changed in shape at this time on 5 February 1939 the breast Eagle changed once more from white to a more subdued silver gray on green background on April 18 1939 new equipment suspenders were introduced to help support the equipment belt at some point in 1939 company numbers were ordered removed from the uniform it was this uniform that the German army wore during the victorious first year of the war and for decades Hollywood firmly cemented this uniform into the minds of television and movie audiences German soldiers were invariably depicted in 1940 era double deco helmets high leather marching boots and so-called m36 field blouses no matter what period was being portrayed the truth was somewhat different in this high watermark of uniform and insignia quality began to deteriorate even before France surrendered in June 1940 on 9 November 1939 with the war only two months old marching boots were shortened is a leather conservation measure on 1 March 1940 the tricolour deckle was ordered removed from the right side of the helmet three weeks later new m35 helmets had a rough texture added at the factory sometime in 1940 new field blouses began to be manufactured with a field grade collar the universal pattern collar patches directly to the caller as a dark-green backing no longer matched the uniform on 9 May 1940 likely in response to the deletion of dark green colors the color patches were changed to the final form with Mouse grey stripes replacing the dark green the breast eagle was also changed to subdued Mouse grey color on a field gray backing shoulder straps were changed from dark green to field gray in 1940 as well and regimental numbers were officially removed at some point in 1940 cloth slip-ons baring embroidered regimental designations were introduced production of the pre-war stone grey trousers ceased in 1940 in favor of field gray to match the field blouse ankle boots and cloth gaiters had been approved as early as 1940 at first only used by rear area troops it saw increased usage even in front-line units as the war went on as well equipment belts and suspenders made of cotton webbing designed for tropical use so increasing usage as war went on due to shortages of leather on 26 May 1941 a sixth button was added to the front of the field blouse the white cotton under shirt became available in field grade beginning in July 1941 at some point in 1942 the branch of service piping was ordered removed from the field cap and on 21 July 1942 a new field cap was introduced with folding down ear flaps the field blouse was further modified in 1942 to conserve material by removing the pleats from the pockets the m35 helmet was also simplified to save production time the bottom edge is no longer rolled leaving a raw finish the field blouse was modified still further in 1943 by removing the scallops and the pocket flaps the blahs was increasingly worn with an open collar and the color of the wall shifted is artificial and other fibers such as wood were used to compensate for wool shortages on 11 June 1943 a peak was added to the field caps similar to the specialized caps worn by mountain troops and with the tropical uniform on 28 August 1943 the army eagle deco was deleted from the left side of the helmet as the war progressed black boots gave way to natural brown on 25 September 1944 a brand new uniform has issued featuring a shortened Eisenhower style field blouse matching trousers and a new triangular shaped breast eagle since the war english-speaking lobbyists have imposed their own nomenclature on the study of German army uniforms equipment and insignia to a German soldier to time however this tunic was simply called a field blouse regardless of its details yet in English terms like M 35 and 43 etc have come to be common and while not always accurate do at least provide a smaller amount of precision to a subject that is much more complex and suggested by this short video when changes occurred to uniform and insignia at the factory Baldr uniforms and equipment continued to be worn side by side with the new ones old stocks were inventoried alongside new stocks alta hassan veteran soldiers clung to older kits and say new replacements would be inferior in quality german combat gear was produced in multiple factories from dwindling stocks of raw materials leading to many variants of basic items aside from the official pattern changes shortages compelled to use of converted foreign uniforms and soldiers sometimes upgrading later pattern uniforms with older insignia or dark green collars the field uniform 44 was to be an exception evidence perhaps of a belated desire for standardization by September 1944 Allied troops already on German soil it was too little too late and the German army fought to the end in a mishmash of increasingly poor quality field gear it's only in recent years that motion picture and television costumers have accurately captured the true look at the German army during its years of decline in ultimate defeat now if we could just get film and television directors to stop doing that stupid Navy CEO hi ready weapons carry but that's a topic for another time

33 Comments

  • Reply kaczynski S July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    A great source on the subject is the late Brian L. Davis' "German Army Uniforms And Insignia", first published in the 1970s with a second edition coming out in 1998. A page from the book is visible at 7:06 .

  • Reply Tadashi hirotoyama July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    What is the name of the theme song?Pls can you tell me mr?

  • Reply stevebrownrocks July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    The Germans changed their uniforms so much, it makes one wonder how on earth even THEY kept up with it!

  • Reply Adrian Ortiz July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    I appreciate this truthful and educational content. I have always wanted to learn about this kind of topic, as I have been researching about the World Wars and much more. I hope I get to see more of this coming from you. 🙂

  • Reply Rick Moreno July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Really nice work man, keep it up!

  • Reply Amri Tolentino July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    I am here for the German m1916 stahlhelm

  • Reply Kristjan Mägi July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Keep up your good content, just awesome! Waiting for the new vid!

  • Reply Trojan Storm July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    where'd you get your info from?

  • Reply Rene Maier July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    6:26 WHY where the eagle decals removed from the helmets?

  • Reply Valhalla Jones July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Very detailed and informative video. Please do many more like this. Thank you.

  • Reply Daniel Spadafora July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    The Kelly's Heros theme is a nice touch.

  • Reply Andrew Burgess July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Same keep up the good work.

  • Reply some1 July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Small but awesome channel!

  • Reply JoEsMo July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    I LOVE YOUR VIDEOS

  • Reply T0xic July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Nice

  • Reply ALP July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Their uniforms have always been so clean cut and professional looking.

  • Reply Peter v. Sass July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Superb overview. This is the kind of basic material that should be fundamental to any reenactor's understanding of his/her uniform and its history. Looking forward to more.

  • Reply Wolli Bär July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Brilliant, unexspected high quality document – very well done !!!!!!!!!!

  • Reply A. B July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Was very thrilled when I saw that you released a new video. Good stuff. Also, I'm glad to know that I'm not the only one bothered how films today represent soldiers in WWII or other conflicts of the time moving like modern day commandos. It's not just anachronic, it's ridiculous.

  • Reply Chris Jackson July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Outstanding as usual.

  • Reply Jammer Jones July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Very thorough analysis. Well done!

  • Reply Beast Towers July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    This video is gold

  • Reply Giovanni Zorzoli Rossi July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Very nice and useful video. The format is very clear and simple, moreover the study you made it's accurate. 👏

  • Reply Roko 88 July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    finaly back… whats the song in the begining

  • Reply Pendarric Rolynd July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Keep it up, thanks.

  • Reply kaczynski S July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    I read that the ankle boots were nicknamed "retreat gaiters" because they became more common as the tide was turning against Germany.
    A photo I saw of a Wehrmacht cobbler's establishment taken in 1942 or 1943 showed a large number of boots awaiting repair. The majority are short-shaft marching boots but a number of ankle boots can also be seen.

  • Reply Poisnu Ishere July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Excellent video!

  • Reply LegoTea PartyAnimations July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Really nice video!!! You must have more subscribers!

  • Reply Just Dave July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    You're one of the best people talking about this theme. Good job. I look forward to other videos.

  • Reply Krizald Hernandez July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Perfection

  • Reply Smitty July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    Appreciate this so much. Thank you, sir!

  • Reply Roald Thamesen July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    EHEEEEY!! I was so hyped when I saw the notification popped up. Nice video once again!
    Looking forward for your coverages on:
    1. DAK and Tropical uniforms of all branches.
    2. SS uniforms
    3. Luftwaffe uniforms
    4. Panzer, Panzergrenadier, and StuG uniforms.
    5. Captured foreign uniforms.
    6. Officer uniforms.
    7. Modifications on uniforms.

  • Reply ivona barbir July 24, 2019 at 3:27 pm

    no views 2 likes and good wideo boyyyyyyyyyyyyyy

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