♪ ♪ – [Narrator 1] In 1930, General Douglas
MacArthur became Army Chief of Staff. As commander of the famous Rainbow
Division, General MacArthur has often been sited for bravery. Today at 55 and
looking to more years of service, he receives an award from
Secretary of War Dern. – [Dern] There is awarded by the War
Department to General Douglas MacArthur in addition to the Distinguished Service
Medal previously conferred upon him, a bronze oak leaf cluster.
General, this award is in itself, of course, of small importance. I also
hope that you will see this award as a symbol of the affection, esteem, and
admiration in which you are held by the War Department, by the whole Army,
and by every citizen who is genuinely interested in
the national defense. – [MacArthur] Mr. Secretary, I cannot tell
you the sense of distinction I feel in accepting this entirely unexpected award
from your distinguished hands. In that spirit, I shall wear it upon
my uniform where for all eyes, it will stand as an outward symbol
of the devotion, the efficiency, and the accomplishments of the officers
and the soldiers whom it has been my high honor to command. For them
and for myself, I thank you. ♪ ♪ – [Narrator 2] A new power in
the far east, the Philippine Army. It has a social as well
as military significance. This is emphasized by
General MacArthur of the USA organizing the defense of the islands. – The Philippines Defense Act is in effect
a charter of individual liberty and national freedom. Its purpose is to
preserve the integrity of the only Christian state in the Far East. To
perpetuate ideals of religious freedom, personal liberty, and republican
government, which have under American tutelage flowered here into fruition.
It creates no dominant military caste. The Government simply provides a
means whereby its citizens may be so organized, equipped, and trained as to be
prepared and ready to defend their country. The plan is a pure product of
democracy and repudiates autocracy, communism, and every other political order
which violates the tenants of government only by the consent of the governed. ♪ ♪ – [Narrator 3] Voila. It is the so
great General MacArthur. The guest of the French Army, he receives l'embrace so warm
and the Médaille militaire. ♪ ♪ The French Cavalry. ♪ ♪ – It is a great pleasure for me
to be the guest today of the French Army at
their Grand Maneuvers. ♪ ♪ – [Summerall] Today, in accordance with
the operation of law, I relinquish the office of Chief of Staff of
the United States Army after four years in that capacity. [cannon fire] ♪ ♪ – [Hurley] General, your own record
enables me to predict for you a successful administration. – Mr. Secretary, I thank you very
sincerely for the cordiality of your remarks. I look forward with keen
anticipation to my close association with you and the great cause
of national defense. – [Kregar] I, state your name.
– I, Douglas MacArthur. – Having been appointed a General. – Having been appointed a General. – Cheif of Staff.
– Cheif of Staff. – In the regular Army of
The United States. – In the regular Army of
The United States. – Do solemnly swear.
– Do solemnly swear. – That I will support and defend the
constitution of The United States. – That I will support and defend the
constitution of The United States. – Against all enemies.
– Against all enemies. – Foreign and domestic.
– Foreign and domestic. – That I will bear true faith and
allegiance to the same. – That I will bear true faith and
allegiance to the same. – That I take this obligation freely.
– That I take this obligation freely. – Without any mental reservation
or purpose of evasion. – Without any mental reservation
or purpose of evasion. – And that I will well and faithfully
discharge the duties. – And that I will well and faithfully
discharge the duties. – Of the office upon which
I am about to enter. – Of the office upon which
I am about to enter. – So help me, God.
– So help me, God. – Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the War
Policies Commission, the most poignant chapters of General Pershing's recent book
on the World War, were those which dealt with our unpreparedness. Utterly
lacking a comprehensive plan, attempts to mobilize the necessary men and
materials demanded by the great emergency resulted in inefficiency, delay, and loss.
Blood money poured out in an orgy of waste. Billions of dollars and un-numbered
dead were lost as a result of previous neglect and indifference. Profiteering's
ugly head still reflects itself in our present economic depression. The War
Commission was created by Congress to propose the adoption of national policies
to prevent such evils in the future. I have been called upon by you to present
the views of the War Department upon the momentous questions involved. Our plans
visualize American industry ready to organize itself instantly under its own
leaders to supply the nation's material needs. To do so, there must be available a governing industrial program. In like way, there must be a manpower
program to provide on the one hand the personnel for the combat units, and on the
other, the necessary allocations to business and industry. On the efficacy of
these plans will someday rest the life of the nation. On the War Department rests
the responsibility for their preparation. Before presenting them in detail, I invite
attention to the obvious fact that the soldier does not declare war. Our Congress
alone has that responsibility and power. Our Army is maintained solely for the
preservation of peace or for the restoration of peace after it
has been lost by others. [silent]