Science for Milo at the Air Power Park in Hampton, VA

July 29, 2019

hello minions this is boat here and I'm in my little pocket ship and we're at the Mayo power Park Museum in Virginia and we're going to be exploring three of the exhibits here today which had a a big effect on the space program so we're going to rock it today because we're studying space more science for Milo and our first exhibit right here is the little jello rocket but the Little Joe walk it was a solid fuel based booster rocket and it was used for eight launches between 1959 and 1960 from Wallops Island Virginia it was a precursor to the Project Mercury and we're going to be looking at a mercury capsule a little bit later but basically the Air Force and NASA when they were testing to try to get aircraft up into space they realized that the booster programs such as the redstone missile and the Atlas Rockets cost over a million dollars two point five million for an Atlas rocket and one million dollars for a redstone rocket so they decided to try to get a little cheaper to do them tests with and the result of that was a little gel locket right here as you can see up at the very top that's where the little top there was where the move where the astronaut would be and these Rockets as opposed to the 2.5 million dollar tug price tag for the Atlas rocket although $1,000,000 for the box for the redstone rocket these Rockets only cost $200,000 or 4 million kisses from king beans kissing booth but so definitely a lot a lot cheaper but it allowed us to do a lot of different successes these little Joe rockets were used in 8 different tests between 1959 and 1961 these tests very valuable to the Future program to actually put a man in orbit so the first Little Joe test was on August 21st 1959 unfortunately this test failed however a few months later on October 4th 1959 Little Joe 6 was successfully launched into the atmosphere showing that this rocket could reach the upper limits of space November 4th 1959 was the third Little Joe test Little Joe one aim and this tested the abort system to see if the capsule could be aborted if there was a problem during the launch it was successful Little Joe number two was launched late that year December 4th 1959 this one actually included an animal a rhesus monkey named Sam who went up into space Sam survived his trip and little Joe 1b which followed next month January 21st 1960 also feature of the rhesus monkey this time mrs. Sam both of these pioneers into space showed that a living creature can go into space and not suffer ill effects we have a second failure of the eight launches Little Joe number five which was launched November 8 1960 this was also the chest the launch escape system unfortunately it fired off prematurely however the data that was collected on that while it was somewhat of a failure data collected on that allowed for the successful launch of Little J Little Joe 5a on March 18th 1961 and Little Joe 5b on April 28th of 1961 these actually housed cancel on the top and these rotary space capsules used in this for this for these test Rockets I'll actually available around there at the NASA air museum and also in Virginia Space Center that unfortunately they would not let us come to so that's our little Joe history and my brother Ernie is going to come back and he's going to talk to you about another missile coming up in our next skip this is Bart take care and I'll see you later for the mercury [Applause] hey Mannion sis boat here again and I'm here in front of it you put a class pocket as you can see it's very very big compared to the markets on our spaceships that we use today so rocket technology has come a long way since these were developed these were actually developed in 1956 and were used for three suborbital flights between 1956 and 1957 to test reentry nose cones the missile itself was developed by the army ballistic missile agency under direction of Warner von Braun a German scientist who came over to America after World War two three Jupiter flights were made to test satellite launches all were launched from Cape Carnival in Florida the first was launched to September 20th 1956 and it lifted an 80 6.5 pound or about 40 kilogram payload of a dummy satellite to an altitude of 680 miles as you can tell from our signs with Milo's that we've been doing about the atmosphere this is up into the thermosphere which is considered the outer fringes of the Earth's atmosphere the second-to-last layer are considered part of outer space the second launch was May 15 1957 and this last listed a 300 pound scale Jupiter nose cone to an altitude of 350 miles finally the last launch was August 8th 1957 and that lifted a one-third scale to Peru nose cone to an altitude of 285 miles so these are three test flights all from Cape Carnival Florida would prove that we could launch something into the proper parts of the Earth's atmosphere and would prove invaluable for the future mercury project we would actually launch a human being into outer space my brother Ernie will be here shortly to talk about the mercury project on our next exhibit this is boat this is the Jupiter pocket and this is more science for Milo Oh minions this right here is the mercury test capsule it's a test capsule of America's first manned spacecraft for Project Mercury Engineers have the Divine's a vehicle that would be protected human being from temperature extremes vacuum and newly discovered radiation of space and high speed from the entry to the atmosphere the best vehicle for these requirements was a wingless capsule designed for a ballistic reentry with an abate of heat sealed a boned off as Loki returned to both the original seven mercury astronaut and NASA's space Task Group were based at nearby Langley Research Center from 1959 to 1963 the lifting ring at the top of this capsule means there was probably used for helicopter recovery training when he talked about the Little Joe when my brother boat talked about the little gel you can notice at the top of the Little Joe Lockett was a capsule similar to this one here now these capsules housed one astronaut and each of the ash it was custom-built for that specific astronaut now the seven initial astronauts the mercury seven or scott Carpenter Gordon Cooper jr. John Glenn jr. Walter schirra jr. Alan Shepard jr. and Donald Slaton Project Mercury the park or initiated at 1958 and finished in 1963 and it became the first it was the protein in Erfurt news the u.s. truck on the first crack man into space it consisted of six manned flights 1961 to 1963 and they had three goals orbit a manned spacecraft around the earth investigate his ability to function in space and to be able to recover the man and the spacecraft successfully on would lay in a seated position with their back to this heat shield here and that was designed designed to that help best support them against the gravity the the g-force of the experiences are we shot up into the thing the heat shield in the back would protect the astronauts as they return back into orbit against the 3,000 degrees reentry heat from the friction of core of going through the atmosphere there were two different as we showed earlier this capsules on top of the Little Joe rocket well there were two different walkers use for this one for suborbital the redstone missile and then the Atlas missile for the four orbital flights so the first two sub war little flights were by Alan Shepard on may 5th 1961 it lasted 15 minutes and 28 seconds and it was the first time that we put American into space Alan Shepard named his capsule freedom 7 all capsules were named will choke were named followed by the number 7 to show the teamwork of the original seven astronauts but to get it through the second suborbital flight was on July 21st 1961 and lasted 15 minutes in 37 seconds and it was piloted by a Virgil Grissom an interesting fact of the local wibbly library is named after mr. christen who's an astronaut who lost his life in an accident Apollo missions for the orbital the orbital missions the first in the orbital missions was friendship 7 by John Glenn jr. from February On February 20th 1962 it lasted 4 hours and 55 minutes and 23 seconds it completed three orbits around the earth and John Glenn was the first American astronaut to orbit the planet the next mission the next Mercury mission was done by M scar cont scott Carpenter on May 24th 1962 it lasted similar time to John Glenn's mission of four hours 56 minutes and five seconds and his name whose capsule via wara seven next launch was Sigma 7 was done by Walter schirra on October 3rd 1962 this one completed six orbits around the earth and lasted a total of nine hours 13 minutes and 11 seconds the final of the mercury and the mercury project astronaut orbital flights was by fate 7 by L Gordon Cooper jr. this one actually lasted for 34 hours 19 minutes and 49 seconds and took place between May 15th and May 16th of 1963 Gordon Gordon Cooper jr. he ordered the earth 22 times and because he was an earth for he was in outer space for over a day it provided a lot of research into how the body is affected in space for an extended period of time so these capsules they were designed by McDonald's in st. Louis I said the astronauts they all had their own their own input into that such instrument such input into in terms of we're devices and controls war and was essential in allowing them to actually be able to control the thing at first they were only supposed to be controlled by either the ground or by the ground but because of some of the astronauts ideas they were allowed to also take man control over over the capsule in case something happened which actually did happen in the last thing and during the last mission the actual mercury this is a training a training capsule but one of the actually actual ones used in the final two launches of actually housed at the Virginia Aerospace Center Museum that we talked about earlier so thank you for your time minions and I hope you've owned a little bit on the science for Milo video experience to the Virginia air power park we explored some of the early rockets and vehicles that allowed us to go into space today and allowed bat-like body to discover the yogi planet and rats like boat and me to go out into space where we were just bored and want to have a good time thanks minions and hope you have a good good day and continue to follow us on Facebook for more science from Milo it's burning have a good day

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