Articles, Blog

USA vs USSR Fight! The Cold War: Crash Course World History #39

December 3, 2019


Hi, I’m John Green, this is Crash Course
World History and today we’re gonna talk about the Cold War, which actually lasted
into my lifetime, which means that I can bore you with stories from my past like your grandpa
does. When I was a kid, they made us practice hiding under our desks in the event of a nuclear
attack, because, you know, school desks are super good at repelling radiation. Mr. Green, Mr. Green! Right, remember in elementary
school there was this special guest who’d defected from the Soviet Union, and he had– Like this crazy Russian accent and he kept
going on and on about how Reagan should spit in Gorbachev’s face instead of signing treaties
with him. And I was like, whoa dude calm down. You’re
in a room full of third graders. And then for like months afterward on the
playground, we’d play Reagan-Gorbachev and spit in each other’s faces. Those were the days.
Sometimes I forget that you’re me, Me from the Past. Yeah, it’s just really nice to talk to you
and feel like you’re lis — You’re boring. Cue the intro. [theme music] So the Cold War was a rivalry between the
USSR and the USA that played out globally. We’ve tried to shy away from calling conflicts
ideological or civilizational here on Crash Course, but in this case, the “clash of
civilizations” model really does apply. Socialism, at least as Marx constructed it,
wanted to take over the world, and many Soviets saw themselves in a conflict with bourgeois
capitalism itself. And the Soviets saw American rebuilding efforts in Europe and Japan as
the U.S. trying to expand its markets, which, by the way, is exactly what we were doing. So the U.S. feared that the USSR wanted to
destroy democratic and capitalist institutions. And the Soviets feared that the US wanted
to use its money and power to dominate Europe and eventually destroy the Soviet system.
And both parties were right to be worried. It’s not paranoia if they really are out
to get you. Now of course we’ve seen a lot of geopolitical
struggles between major world powers here on Crash Course, but this time there was the
special added bonus that war could lead to the destruction of the human species. That
was new for world history, and it’s worth remembering: It’s still new. Here’s the
period of time we’ve discussed on Crash Course. And this is how long we’ve had the
technological capability to exterminate ourselves. So that’s worrisome. Immediately after World War II, the Soviets
created a sphere of influence in eastern Europe, dominating the countries where the Red Army
had pushed back the Nazis, which is why Winston Churchill famously said in 1946 that an “Iron
Curtain” had descended across Europe. While the dates of the Cold War are usually
given between 1945 and 1990, a number of historians will tell you that it actually started during
World War II. Stalin’s distrust of the U.S. and Britain kept growing as they refused to
invade Europe and open up a second front against the Nazis. And some even say that the decision
to drop the first Atomic Bombs on Japan was motivated in part by a desire to intimidate
the Soviets. That sort of worked, but only insofar as it motivated the Soviets to develop
atomic bombs of their own — they successfully tested their first one in 1949. From the beginning, the U.S had the advantage
because it had more money and power and could provide Europe protection (what with its army
and one of a kind nuclear arsenal) while Europe rebuilt. The USSR had to rebuild itself, and
also they had the significant disadvantage of being controlled by noted asshat Joseph
Stalin. I will remind you, it’s not cursing if he’s wearing an ass for a hat. Oh, I
guess it’s time for the open letter. An Open Letter to Joseph Stalin. But first, let’s see what’s in the secret
compartment today. Oh, it’s silly putty. Silly putty: the thing
that won the Cold War. This is exactly the kind of useless consumer good that would never
have been produced in the Soviet Union. And it is because we had so much more consumer
spending, on stuff like silly putty, that we won the Cold War. Go team! Dear Joseph Stalin, You really sucked. There
was a great moment in your life, at your first wife’s funeral, when you said, “I don’t
think I shall ever love again.” And then later, you had that wife’s whole family
killed. Putting aside the fact that you’re responsible for tens of millions of deaths,
I don’t like you because of the way that you treated your son, Yakov. I mean, you were
really mean to him and then he shot himself and he didn’t die and you said, “He can’t
even shoot straight.” And then later, when he was captured during World War II, you had
a chance to exchange prisoners for him, but you declined. And then he died in a prison
camp. You were a terrible leader, a terrible person, and a terrible father. Best wishes,
John Green All right, let’s go to the Thought Bubble.
Europe was the first battleground of the Cold War, especially Germany, which was divided
into 2 parts with the former capital, Berlin, also divided into 2 parts. And yes, I know
the western part was divided into smaller occupation zones, but I’m simplifying. In
1948, the Soviets tried to cut off West Berlin, by closing the main road that led into the
city, but the Berlin airlift stopped them. And then in 1961, the Soviets tried again
and this time they were much more successful building a wall around West Berlin, although
it’s worth noting that the thing was up for less than 30 years. I mean, Meatloaf’s
career has lasted longer than the Berlin Wall did. The U.S. response to the Soviets was a policy
called containment; it basically involved stopping the spread of communism by standing
up to the Soviets wherever they seemed to want to expand. In Europe this meant spending
a lot of money. First the Marshall Plan spent $13 billion on re-building western Europe with
grants and credits that Europeans would spend on American consumer goods and on construction.
Capitalism’s cheap food and plentiful stuff, it was hoped, would stop the spread of communism. The US also tried to slow the spread of communism
by founding NATO and with CIA interventions in elections where communists had a chance,
as in Italy. But despite all the great spy novels and shaken not stirred martinis, the
Cold War never did heat up in Europe. Probably the most important part of the Cold
War that people just don’t remember these days is the nuclear arms race. Both sides
developed nuclear arsenals, the Soviets initially with the help of spies who stole American
secrets. Eventually the nuclear arsenals were so big that the U.S. and USSR agreed on a
strategy appropriately called MAD, which stood for “mutually assured destruction.” Thanks
Thought Bubble. And yes, nuclear weapons were, and are, capable
of destroying humanity many times over. But only once or twice did we get close to nuclear
war: during the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis and then again in 1983, when we forgot to
give the Russians the heads up that we were doing some war games, which made it look like
we had launched a first strike. OUR BAD! But even though mutually assured destruction
prevented direct conflict, there was plenty of hot war in the Cold War. The Korean War
saw lots of fighting between communists and capitalists, as did the Vietnam War. I mean,
these days we remember “the domino effect” as silly paranoia, but after Korea and especially
China became communist, Vietnam’s movement toward communism seemed very much a threat
to Japan, which the U.S. had helped re-make into a vibrant capitalist ally. So the US
got bogged down in one of its longest wars while the Soviets assisted the North Vietnamese
army in the Viet Cong. But then we paid them back by supporting the
anti-communist mujaheddin after the Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979. Of course, as
we now know, nobody conquers Afghanistan …unless you are the mongols.
[Mongoltage] So after 10 disastrous years, the Soviets
finally abandoned Afghanistan. Some of those mujahideen later became members
of the Taliban, though, so it’s difficult to say that anyone won that war. But it wasn’t just Asia: In Nicaragua, the
US supported rebels to overthrow the leftist government; in El Salvador, the US bolstered
authoritarian regimes that were threatened by left-wing guerrillas. The United States
ended up supporting a lot of awful governments, like the one in Guatemala, which held onto
power through the use of death squads. Frankly, all our attempts to stabilize governments
in Latin America led to some very unstable Latin American governments, and quite a lot
of violence. And then there were the luke-warm conflicts,
like The Suez Crisis where British and French paratroopers were sent in to try to stop Egypt
from nationalizing the Suez canal. Or all the American covert operations to keep various
countries from “falling” to communism. These included the famous CIA-engineered coup
to overthrow Iran’s democratically elected prime minister Mohammad Mosaddegh after his
government attempted to nationalize Iran’s oil industry. And the CIA helping Chile’s
General Augusto Pinochet overthrow democratically elected Marxist president Salvador Allende
in 1973. And lest we think the Americans were the only
bad guys in this, the Soviets used force to crush popular uprisings in Hungary in 1956
and in Czechoslovakia in 1968. So, you may have noticed that our discussion
of the Cold War has branched out from Europe to include Asia, and the Middle East, and
Latin America. And in fact, almost every part of the globe was involved in some way with
the planet being divided into three “worlds.” The first world was the U.S., Western Europe
and any place that embraced capitalism and a more or less democratic form of government.
The Second World was the Soviet Union and its satellites, mostly the Warsaw Pact nations,
China and Cuba. The Third World was everyone else and we don’t use this term anymore because it
lumps together a hugely diverse range of countries. We’ll talk more about the specific economic
and development challenges faced by the so-called “Third World countries,” but the big one
in terms of the Cold War, was that neither the U.S. nor the Soviets wanted any of these
countries to remain neutral. Every nation was supposed to pick sides, either capitalist
or communist, and while it seems like an easy choice now, in the 50s and 60s, it wasn’t
nearly so clear. I mean, for a little while, it seemed like the Soviets might come out
ahead, at least in the Third World. For a while, capitalism, and especially the United
States, seemed to lose some of its luster. The US propped up dictatorships, had a poor
civil rights record, we sucked at women’s gymnastics. Plus, the Soviets were the first
to put a satellite, a man, and a dog into space. Plus, Marxists just seemed cooler,
which is why you never see Milton Friedman t-shirts… until now available at DFTBA.com.
I like that, Stan, but I’m more of a centrist. Can I get a Keynes shirt? Yes. That, now that’s
hot. But Soviet socialism did not finally prove
to be a viable alternative to industrial capitalism. Over time, state-run economies just generally
don’t fare as well as private enterprise, and people like living in a world where they
can have more stuff. More importantly, Soviet policies were just bad: collectivized agriculture
stymied production and led to famine; suppression of dissent and traditional cultures made people angry; and
no one likes suffering the humiliation of driving a Yugo. But why the Cold War ended when it did is
one of the most interesting questions of the 20th century. It probably wasn’t Ronald
Reagan bankrupting the Soviets, despite what some politicians believe. The USSR had more
satellite states that it needed to spend more to prop up than the U.S. had to invest in
its Allies. And the Soviet system could never keep up with economic growth in the West.
But, probably the individual most responsible for the end of the Cold War was Mikhail Baryshnikov.
No? Mikhail Gorbachev? Well, that’s boring. I always thought the Soviets danced their
way to freedom. No? It was Glasnost and Perestroika? Alright. But Gorbachev’s Perestroika and Glasnost
opened up the Soviet political and economic systems with contested local elections, less
restricted civil society groups, less censorship, more autonomy for the Soviet Republics, more
non-state-run businesses and more autonomy for state-run farms. Glasnost or “openness”
led to more information from the west and less censorship led to a flood of criticism as people realized
how much poorer the second world was than the first. And one by one, often quite suddenly, former
communist states collapsed. In Germany, the Berlin Wall came down in 1989 and East and
West Germany were reunited in 1990. In Poland, the Gdansk dockworker’s union Solidarity
turned into a mass political movement and won 99 of the 100 seats it was allowed to
contest in the 1989 election. Hungary held multiparty elections in 1990. The same year,
mass demonstrations led to elections in Czechoslovakia. In 1993, that country split up into Slovakia
and the Czech Republic, the happiest and most mutually beneficial divorce since Cher left
Sonny. Of course sometimes the transition away from
communism was violent and painful. In Romania, for instance, the communist dictator Ceaușescu
held onto power until he was tried and put before a firing squad at the end of 1989.
And it took until 1996 for a non-communist government to take power there. And in Yugoslavia,
well, not so great. And in Russia, it’s a little bit Putin-ey. Ah! Putin. But just twenty years later, it’s hard to
believe that the world was once dominated by two super powers held in check mutually
assured destruction. What’s really amazing to me, though, is that until the late 1980s,
it felt like the Cold War was gonna go on forever. Time seems to slow as it approaches
us, & living in the post-Cold War nuclear age, we should remember that the past feels
distant even when it’s near, and that the future seems assured — even though it isn’t.
Thanks for watching. I’ll see you next week. Crash Course is produced and directed by Stan
Muller. Our script supervisor is Meredith Danko. Our associate producer is Danica Johnson.
The show is written by my high school history teacher Raoul Meyer and myself. And our graphics
team is Thought Bubble. Last week’s phrase of the week was “Justin Bieber” Thanks for
that suggestion. If you’d like to suggest future phrases of the week, you can do so
in comments where you can also ask questions about today’s video that will be answered
by our team of historians. Thanks for watching Crash Course and as we say in my hometown,
Don’t Forget To Be Awesome.

100 Comments

  • Reply sort of pink May 7, 2019 at 3:02 am

    anybody cramming for IB history tomorrow?!?

  • Reply The Soviet Union May 7, 2019 at 4:33 am

    Man, maybe I should become the Capitalist USSR………..Nah, I can't even shoot straight.

  • Reply Eric Pinteralli May 7, 2019 at 3:16 pm

    John Green is actually a liberal.
    Proof:
    1. The sticker on his laptop says, "This machine kills fascists," probably referring to conservatives as fascists.
    2. He makes the anticommunist rebels and governments sound bad through the words he says. For instance, "bolstered 'authoritarian' regimes threatened by leftist guerillas" and "supported rebels to overthrow the leftist government". See, he used the word government for leftist rule and authoritarian regimes for rightist rule.
    3. He even says at 858 that he is a centrist leftist.

  • Reply Paige May 8, 2019 at 1:06 am

    Stalin indeed was an asshat

  • Reply Refaw May 8, 2019 at 8:51 pm

    I don't like this topic and I have an exam on it

  • Reply A drop in the ocean May 9, 2019 at 6:13 pm

    Whenever I feel like hating those assh** in my workplace, I would think of Stalin… at least they r not THAT toxic, boy this works

  • Reply Benjamin Cragle May 10, 2019 at 2:12 am

    1:50 What was that first one?

  • Reply vortexblue12 May 10, 2019 at 8:48 pm

    Who is here to watch for their midterm or final? LOL

  • Reply Samuel Shuert May 15, 2019 at 12:32 am

    His sticker is falling off

  • Reply fiftty solutions May 15, 2019 at 1:51 pm

    Some say Stalin didn't do the prisoner exchange because it would have been viewed by the public as preferential and unfair. There are a lot of different accounts and views for some of this history and your opinion seems quite biased.

  • Reply Amanda McLellan May 15, 2019 at 9:56 pm

    me from the past: i won't just watch a bunch of crash course videos before my ap exam
    me now: i won't comment about just watching crash course videos for the ap exam
    me now now: i am such a disappointment

  • Reply Emma Kirby May 15, 2019 at 10:16 pm

    3:10 that moment when you’re playing with silly putty to give your hands something to do while watching this

  • Reply Danielle Heaven May 19, 2019 at 4:40 pm

    Slow down

  • Reply Msthoro1 May 20, 2019 at 6:10 am

    Very wise words at the end and very true. Thank you for these uploads.

  • Reply Dr. Sarkis May 25, 2019 at 4:24 pm

    Any other History GCSE students here?

  • Reply Liam Krueger May 26, 2019 at 10:15 pm

    "things were getting a little bit putin-y"
    bird noise
    "Putin!"

  • Reply Gabe Thomas May 27, 2019 at 11:51 pm

    How I learn history:

    .1 School

    99.9 crash course

  • Reply saltyshive May 28, 2019 at 9:15 pm

    I play Reagan Gorbachev
    Im in high school

  • Reply Ophelia May 28, 2019 at 10:00 pm

    **

  • Reply Jennifer Aguilar May 29, 2019 at 1:49 am

    yikes I have a dbq tomorrow on cold war😭

  • Reply Zak Anonymous May 29, 2019 at 6:43 pm

    Putin is watching………………………………….

  • Reply Chuka Amur May 31, 2019 at 2:25 pm

    Creed killed socialism

  • Reply Greg Thompson May 31, 2019 at 9:36 pm

    As you can tell from this video the Cold War bais is strong in John Green

  • Reply Toxik Chrgez June 1, 2019 at 5:13 am

    My teacher always asked the class if we wanted her to slow the vid down because some of my classmates and the teacher thought he talked to fast and the classes before mine and im like really he doesnt even talk that fast.

  • Reply Michael PIZZAMEN June 3, 2019 at 5:50 am

    Who’s here because their regents or finals are coming up 🤧🤧🤧

  • Reply Elizabeth Start June 4, 2019 at 3:01 am

    Only in Indiana. I am older than you and we didn't do that.

  • Reply Justin cool688 June 4, 2019 at 8:22 pm

    6:07

  • Reply Courtney Haley-ward June 5, 2019 at 8:53 pm

    Anyone else here because they have their history exam tomorrow and are panicking

  • Reply Tino SOdreamy June 6, 2019 at 2:31 am

    Ahhh Putin 😭

  • Reply Kadin Ward June 6, 2019 at 12:51 pm

    I am surprised you did not mention the nothing to do with Star Wars, Star Wars plan as part of the Soviet bankruptcy came from them spending lots of money trying to make technology that could get past the Star Wars plan even though the Star Wars plan never actually WORKED.

  • Reply 0skim0 June 6, 2019 at 6:54 pm

    not gonna talk about Boris Yeltsin , putin was a reaction to him , common crash course

  • Reply Admirrad 911 June 9, 2019 at 1:12 am

    YUGOSLAVIA WASNT ON THE SOVIETS SIDE. THEY LITTERALLY FOUNDED A GROUP OF NEUTRAL COUNTRIES, sorry. I had to get it out

  • Reply Lewis Mctavish June 11, 2019 at 2:48 pm

    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn's Gulag Archipelago had a lot to do with the fall of the soviet union.
    ''Freedom is never more than one generation away from extinction. We didn't pass it to our children in the bloodstream. It must be fought for, protected, and handed on for them to do the same.'' – Ronald Reagan.
    The threat of communism in the west is still very much present today. Hell, Bernie Sanders got kicked out of a commune in the soviet union for being too lazy and now he's promising you free stuff. Nothing is free, freedom is not free.
    ''If you put the federal government in charge of the Sahara Desert, in five years there’d be a shortage of sand.'' – Milton Friedman

  • Reply 109reaper June 14, 2019 at 11:54 am

    That ending reminded me of terminator monologue by Sara.

  • Reply Michael Crnkovic June 14, 2019 at 6:12 pm

    No mention of the Soviet gulags…

  • Reply Courtesy bog3 June 15, 2019 at 12:28 pm

    Dear

  • Reply Bill Boyd June 16, 2019 at 5:28 am

    Setting up a Soviet sphere of influence was a trigger for WWII. Without the Molotov-Ribbontrop pact it is doubtful if the Nazis would have invaded Poland.

  • Reply Alice Readett June 16, 2019 at 10:35 am

    So why did Americans feel the need to invade countries in which they had no business to invade under the pretext of some vague ideology? A lot of reasons I get are incredibly self-righteous instead of practical and it's annoying. Like communism isn't great in practice usually but lives lost for something ore pointless than WWI? Sad.

  • Reply NailsOnFire June 17, 2019 at 9:47 am

    I’m Russian and I’m butthurt. Sorry. John Green is great and the whole team is too. But I’m still butthurt.

  • Reply Kenny Katlego June 17, 2019 at 8:13 pm

    Ur too fast

  • Reply Francois Johannson June 20, 2019 at 4:45 pm

    If the mongols weren't drunkards they would be still in power today

  • Reply Dominik Sutara June 24, 2019 at 12:54 am

    Yugoslavia was a communist country but it was never under USSR influence or control

  • Reply Brenda Martinez June 25, 2019 at 1:35 am

    Need a refresher…here to study for finals😭

  • Reply k July 7, 2019 at 11:16 pm

    love this show!! There is so much to learn. Thank you for always filling in the gaps that our traditional schools leave out

  • Reply Mohammed Tazwar July 12, 2019 at 4:11 am

    putiny

  • Reply Maria Cargille July 12, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    Aw, man, no mention of Bobby Fischer? 🙁

  • Reply 00oww July 13, 2019 at 11:17 am

    "Nuclear weapon were and are capable of destroying humanity many times over"

    Not really. Kurzgesagt did a video on this subject. Only if we'd dug up all the uranium in the earth and use it all to produce nuclear weapons, only then would we be capable of destroying humanity, not 'many times over' though.

    But still they are capable of causing immense destruction.

  • Reply 00oww July 13, 2019 at 11:22 am

    The Suez crisis did not lead to all out war because of the Cold War. The US pressured France, Israel and the UK to retreat due to fears that the whole region would become communist. They did this together with the Soviet Union.

  • Reply Sigma Geranimo July 14, 2019 at 2:27 am

    American capitalism want to make the entire world as their Customer, so they can transfer their wealth to them to finance their socialist program and corporation at home such as , Military, post office, gov salary, school, health care and unemployment insurance.

    a single country with limited resources can not sustain itself, evidence in Great Depression.

    ironically, their walking dead movie is communism life. 🤦🏻‍♂️🤦🏻‍♂️

  • Reply Carter Nelson July 15, 2019 at 1:59 pm

    In the cold war really nothing happened there wasn’t really any battles Or anything else

  • Reply ellipsis July 15, 2019 at 4:10 pm

    me watches bunch of crash course video before an exam

    I hope I don't fail

  • Reply Max Vieralilja July 16, 2019 at 11:52 am

    why the heck do you pronounce "putin" as "pootn"?

  • Reply Billi Billi July 22, 2019 at 9:27 am

    Слава СССР

  • Reply Yusuf Ç July 25, 2019 at 11:48 am

    Can the ones who dislike the videos explain their reason for it? I'm really curious about it.

  • Reply Mecha9 July 26, 2019 at 11:16 am

    Stalin man bad, USSR man bad,
    USA man good. Stalin kill 500 bajillions.

    I wonder if people actually realise you can't kill over 20 million people and not have a stagnant or declining population, under Stalin, the population was actually booming. (except WWII, of course).
    Born to be programmed, I guess.

  • Reply Vaibhav Tripathi July 27, 2019 at 5:44 am

    Past seam distant even when it is near and the future seemed assured even though it isn't.
    What the quote.

  • Reply 10001things Essential July 27, 2019 at 12:05 pm

    When you realise that USSR won the Arms Race and the Vietnam War…

  • Reply Nero Vuk July 30, 2019 at 12:56 am

    Hey, man, Yugo is Yugoslavian, we were not Soviets! 😀

    Literally "invented" the Non-Aligned Movement

  • Reply bicthboi August 10, 2019 at 2:54 pm

    I wanna be Gorbachev, špîť íñ mý møüțh

  • Reply Depresso Expresso August 11, 2019 at 1:11 am

    Both of my parents were alive during the coldwar
    (Mostly my dad cause he was born on 1972 and my mom was born in 1986)

  • Reply Misty J Kincaid August 11, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    1979…rent…5.unknown night
    sprite….5….decapitation

  • Reply Manraj Singh August 12, 2019 at 1:04 pm

    Did you know how NICE Gorbachev was, he treated everyone equally and his thoughts differed from every president from the past. Without him, the cold war wouldn't have ended.

  • Reply Ghulam Qadir August 12, 2019 at 4:33 pm

    Your communication skills=0

  • Reply Brieanna Douglas August 13, 2019 at 10:42 pm

    My brother has that same exact silly puddy, literally!! The red egg and everything, wow… Small world 🌎😮

  • Reply Zhu Ying August 14, 2019 at 11:25 am

    I think Joseph Stalin’s is good

  • Reply none of your concern August 15, 2019 at 4:29 am

    Speaking of the cold war I know family spent it as a coast guard coast watcher north of Fairbanks Alaska all alone in a log cabin watching a system for ICBM's and teaching himself music and sculpture in all the spare time.

  • Reply Tom McMorrow August 17, 2019 at 11:01 am

    Wait a minute…I just looked up Able Archer. It didn't just take place in 1983. It took place on November 7th, 1983.

    The same date the world is said to have ended in Night Vale via nuclear apocalypse.

    So [Spoilers!] The reason Night Vale was removed from the universe on November 7th, 1983 was because Able Archer actually went wrong!

  • Reply Hoffman's Landscaping August 19, 2019 at 6:05 pm

    How does killing fascists make you any different than a fascist?

  • Reply Kate August 20, 2019 at 3:39 am

    What about Cuba and puerto rico and all of that?

  • Reply The Eesti Imperium August 27, 2019 at 2:16 am

    this machine kills fascists

  • Reply Charis Alexander August 31, 2019 at 6:04 pm

    John's wearing the same T-shirt as in the "Cold War in Asia" US History video!

  • Reply array s September 2, 2019 at 10:01 pm

    Such a shame you didnt mention Silent Coup of Gen. Soeharto sponsored by CIA which killed almost 600.000 people in Indonesia circa 1965-1970.

  • Reply Brayden Summitt September 3, 2019 at 1:15 am

    Communism has breached containment
    [REDACTED]

  • Reply Benito Sierra September 5, 2019 at 4:11 pm

    "Spy Novels and Shaken not Stirred Martinis"
    I actually love that James Bond reference.

  • Reply jose gramsch September 16, 2019 at 11:23 pm

    Way too biased, I'm disappointed

  • Reply BIG CHUNGUS September 22, 2019 at 10:37 pm

    I took History for A Levels, we were half way through the course, we'd just finished The Tudors and we had just came back from the holidays to do the Cold War. I remember these three guys that had barely been paying attention so far in the course came bursting in on the first day and yelled "FINALLY! WE GET TO FIGHT SOME COMMIES!!!"

  • Reply Nicolas Roy September 25, 2019 at 1:27 am

    If you ask me, Georgism is the best of both worlds. It has all the avantages of capitalism (efficiency, freedom) and the (purported) advantages of communism (equality, fairness).
    What is Georgism? I'm glad you asked. In short, it revolves around the notion that "land" (which actually refers to everything in the natural world) belongs equally to all, but that labour and capital belong to those who make it. A single tax on the unimproved value of land would be efficient (because it would encourage the most efficient use of land), free (because as long as you pay the tax, you can do whatever you want on the land), and fair (because land ownership is stronly correlated with wealth). It would also be good for the environment by reducing urban sprawl, among other things.

  • Reply Yusuf Haffejee September 28, 2019 at 10:05 am

    Mingals. Tantititan

  • Reply Surabhi Chavan October 10, 2019 at 1:19 pm

    I love John Green. ❤

  • Reply hidden_lix October 10, 2019 at 10:15 pm

    i read your book i liked it John

  • Reply Nyrad :D October 12, 2019 at 8:03 pm

    Judging Stalin as a leader because of him being a poor father and husband does not do him justice. This is a man who made the USSR a superpower in 20 years and yet you call him a bad leader?

  • Reply shyguy October 14, 2019 at 3:32 pm

    The video is just far too baised

  • Reply Vaibhav Tripathi October 19, 2019 at 11:43 am

    crash course is awesome.

  • Reply Mario Coreas October 23, 2019 at 5:15 pm

    Finally after 38 WH videos you mentioned El Salvador. Greetings from El Salvador! 🙂

  • Reply Moonlight _64 October 24, 2019 at 11:41 am

    U mean Razi and USSR

  • Reply Brook Ekenberg October 25, 2019 at 2:45 pm

    I'm having a debate with my teacher about when you guys, Crash Course, stated when the cold war started. In the video at 2.16 you guy stated that "a number of historians will tell you that it actually started during World War 2", then you guys go off talking about Stalin and his distrust. The video never states Crash Course's opinion on when the cold war started. In conclusion, what is Crash Course's opinion on when the cold war started?

  • Reply Lois Walsh October 30, 2019 at 3:28 am

    Harry Truman caused Cold War by dropping a bomb. Russia has president Putin. USA has president trump.

  • Reply Jjprock October 31, 2019 at 2:49 am

    Stalin teach me

  • Reply Broke Experts November 1, 2019 at 1:13 am

    Pizza Hut destroyed the Soviet Union

  • Reply Marco Castillo November 6, 2019 at 3:09 am

    I don't like stalin; but he didn't exchange his son because he had to look strong, and be fair with the rest of the russian army.

  • Reply Maciej Ostrowski November 8, 2019 at 10:15 pm

    Gwaaah!! Putin!!

  • Reply TJ OConnell November 10, 2019 at 3:40 pm

    The iron curtain speech Churchill gave was in Fulton Missouri.

  • Reply Jakub Wojciechowski November 12, 2019 at 7:07 am

    Finally, John Green mentioned Poland in more than one sentence. He gave us like three guys, THREE!

    Ps. They he says "Gdańsk" is hilarious. "The Gadadansk political movement…" XD

  • Reply Josif Stalin November 15, 2019 at 4:10 am

    Все капиталисты падут и от рук нашего славного вождя Сталина!

  • Reply Josif Stalin November 15, 2019 at 4:15 am

    В Советской России мемы смеются над тобой!

  • Reply Adam Świerczewski November 17, 2019 at 11:23 am

    10:31 Actually, Poland came before Germany when it comes to freeing from Soviet sphere of influence. The Solidarity movement won 99 out of 100 seats in reestablished Senat in June 1989 and formed a coalition government with former satellite parties of Polish communist party in lower house of Parliament. This was possible due to the peaceful talks with communists named Round Table that lasted from February to April 1989 and the communists were forced to start those talks due to i.a. poor and worsening economy of the country

  • Reply Sachin C. Ketkar November 19, 2019 at 3:06 pm

    Waiting for….Wait for it…The Mongols!

  • Reply esvelte zumo November 24, 2019 at 12:51 am

    stalin is the bedt ididots

  • Reply may in japan November 26, 2019 at 1:34 pm

    thanks!!

  • Reply soviet Marshall December 1, 2019 at 6:06 pm

    Fun fact the sino-soviet split happened because khrushchev couldn't swim

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